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History & Anthropology (General)
New 1421: The Year China Discovered The World Companion site to Gavin Menzies' book, which claims that "Chinese ships had reached America seventy years before Columbus and circumnavigated the globe a century before Magellan": evidence; maps
New Ancient China Part of Richard Hooker's "World Civilizations" site: antholology of essays & readings on ancient Chinese culture & history; Internet resources
An Ancient Civilization Section of The Eagle & the Dragon exhibition at Hoover Library: the Dragon Empire; Chinese belief systems; Chinese philosophy & medicine; the arts of China
Archaeological Discoveries: Ancient China News stories about archaelogical discoveries, grouped by year from 1999
Brooklyn College Core 9: Chinese Culture Page Paul Halsall's syllabus with course outline, bibliographic guide, texts, images, & other useful information
New China & Salt Illustrated history of the salt industry in China, from David Bloch's Salt Made the World Go Round site
New China History (to Qing Dynasty) Links to Web resources compiled by the East Asian Library, University of Southern California
China's First Female Archaeologist A profile of Zheng Zhenxiang who discovered the tomb of Fu Hao, Shang queen & 1st female general of Chinese history
Chinese Ancient Maps (in Chinese) From the Geography Dept. of Hong Kong Baptist University, online lecture series on the history of Chinese maps & cartographers with images of ancient maps from the Warring States through the Qing Dynasty
Chinese History A series of short essays with maps & illustrations
Chinese History: To The Qing Dynasty Internet resources from prehistory through the history of the Ming Dynasty
Classified Bibliography of Reference Works on Chinese Historical Geography A comprehensive compilation by Thomas H. Kahn of Cornell University
Coins of Ancient China Images & descriptions: part of The Coins & History of Asia Web site
Condensed China: Chinese History for Beginners Paul Frankenstein's brief account with a short bibliography
Discovery Online: Secrets of the Great Wall Companion site to Discovery Channel's TV special: construction & history of the Great Wall; background information on the dynasties that built it; maps, satellite photos, & panoramic views; "random factoid generator"
Dunhuang Caves (in Chinese) From Dunhuang Academy: Historical & geographical overview; preservation & scale of the grottoes; religious, artistic & social heritage; discussion forum; Shockwave & Quicktime VR clips for grottoes 61 & 323
Era & Timeline of Chinese History A bilingual chronology compiled by Seke Wei
Feinman in China: A Virtual Archaeological Expedition "electronic updates about a Chinese & American archaeological team’s work to investigate the origins of early civilization more than 4,000 years ago"
Formation of the Chinese Civilization From China Internet Information Center: the origin of man; farming & sericulture; home of ceramics; handicraft industry & technological advances; great thinkers; astronomy & mathematics; medicine; the 4 great inventions
The Fossil Evidence for Human Evolution in China Dennis A. Etler's introduction to fossil hominid discoveries from China
The Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology: Celebrated Discoveries from the People's Republic of China A National Gallery of Art Teaching Program, complementing the exhibition
The Great Wall of China From 3 students at the London Chinese School in Canada: history; description; legends; modern uses; radar pictures; group opinion
New Historical Maps of China From the Perry-Castañeda Map Collection of University of Texas Library
Historical Wonders of Sanxingdui Information & illustrated essays on "one of the most important ancient remains in the world for its vast size, lengthy period & enriched cultural contents"
History of China Leon Poon's hypertext version of the Army Area Handbook with maps, pictures, bios, timeline, & search tool
History of China Part of Richard Stockton College's Global History Consortium: history & culture of China from ancient times to the present
The History of Chinese Bookbinding "a comprehensive introduction to the different kinds of Chinese bookbinding contained in the Dunhuang collection of the British Library"
How Rome Went to China The Vatican's exhibit on the Jesuit mission in China from the 16th to the 18th century
Imperial China: The Art of the Horse in Chinese History Web site for exhibition at Kentucky Horse Park, International Museum of the Horse: information on exhibition & related programs; selected artifacts photos; educational materials
Marco Polo Home Page "A complete book about Marco Polo & Korcula," written & compiled by Zivan Filippi
Mysterious Mummies of China Companion Web site to Nova program on mummies with reddish-blond hair & European features found in a remote Chinese desert
The National Museum of Chinese History (in Chinese & English) Information on the museum, the Exhibition of Chinese History & other past, present & future exhibitions, categorized items, search tool, etc.
New Perspectives on the Tang: An International Conference Conference program & paper abstracts (Princeton Univeristy, April 18-20, 2002)
Novus Atlas Sinensis A 17th century atlas of China in the Special Collection of Cal State Hayward Library: information on the atlas & its author, & reproduction of images
On the Chronology of the Three Dynasties Liu Li's special report on the controversy over the Chinese government's Xia- Shang-Zhou Chronology Project
The Ongoing Sixth Dalai Lama Project "translations & studies of documents concerned with tle life & work of Tsangyang Gyatso, the sixth Dalai Lama" (1683-1706)
New Papers on Chinese Population & Social History Papers in progress by Cameron Campbell of UCLA & James Lee of Caltech
Regional Lifeways & Cultural Remains in the Northern Corridor: Chifeng International Collaborative Archaeological Research Project Project focusing on the emergence of pastoralism in Inner Mongolia
Revising the Malthusian Narrative: the Comparative Study of Population Dynamics in Late Imperial China Paper by William Lavely & R. Bin Wong (Feb. 1998)
Secret World of the Forbidden City: Splendors from China's Imperial Palace Exhibition at Phoenix Art Museum: text & samples of images
Shixue Lianxian (History On-line) (in Chinese) Online resources on Chinese & Taiwanese history: 1) History Research Institutes; (2) Search Engines, Indices, & Mailing lists; (3) Chinese History; (4) World History; (5) Taiwan History; (6) Topical History; (7) Museums; (8) Libraries; (9) Electronic Texts; (10) Full-text databases; (11)Periodicals; (12) Geographic Aids; (13) Search; (14) Discussion Groups; (15) Miscellaneous
Sources & Studies on Protest & Dissent in Pre-Modern China Barend J. ter Haar's annotated bibliography in Word format
State & Handicrafts in Peking, 1700-1900 Union List of Handicraft Regulations (jiangzuo zeli) in Chinese & International Collections (draft version) by Christine Moll-Murata & Song Jianze
Teaching the Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology Teaching guide complementing National Gallery of Art's exihibition "The Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology: Celebrated Discoveries from The People's Republic of China": objects from early prehistory to early imperial China & commentary; teaching activities; resources; chronology; pronunciation guide/glossary
New The Uighur Empire Origins of the Uighurs; Rise of the Uighurs; The Golden Age; Decline and Collapse; Rulers; Timeline
Violence in Chinese Culture Barend ter Haar's annotated bibliography, organized by topic
New The Xiongnu Empire Origins of the Xiong Nu; Rise to Power; Decline and Collapse; Map; Rulers; Timeline
Yi-Luo River Collaborative Archaeological Survey A Sino-Australian-American project focusing on "the development of complex society & state formation in the Yi-Luo region," "where the earliest Chinese states emerged"
Zuozhuan Digital Indices Maintained by John Page & Isabel Garcia Hidalgo of El Colegio de Mexico: searchable database aiming "to facilitate study, analysis & translation of the Zuozhuan"
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Modern History
For resources on the 2nd Sino-Japanese War and the Nanjing Massacre, please see the section on the Pacific War on the page for the history of Japan. For resources on the Korean War, please see the section on the Korean War on the page for Korea.
L'Atlas Historique de Shanghai An online historical atlas of Shanghai from Institut d'Asie Orientale, Universite Lumiere-Lyon 2, France
The Birth of the Chinese Left Opposition Article on Chinese Trotskyism in the 1930s by Damien Durand
The CCP & the Fujian Rebellion An article on the role of the Chinese Communist Party in the Fujian Rebellion of 1933-34 by F. S. Litten
CCP Leaders' Selected Works & the Historiography of the Chinese Communist Revolution A Cold War International History Project working paper by Chen Jian (PDF version)
New China 1957 Photo Album A gallery of photos by Robert Carl Cohen
New China Famine 1959-61 (in Chinese) Archive of materials related to the famine in the wake of the Great Leap Forward: chronology; photo album; reports & reminiscences; research; documents; statistics; commentary; discussion on the Net
New China um 1900 in den Augen der Zeit (mainly in German) China around 1900 in contemporary sources, including numerous images
Chinese Anniversaries in International Perspective Elizabeth J. Perry's reflections on the anniversaries of the May 4th Movement, the height of the Cultural Revolution, & the 1989 Tiananmen Uprising
Chinese Pop Posters Collected & captioned by Olivier Laude; "produced by the central government .. & reflect the many political changes of ... Communist rule"
CNN In-Depth Specials - Visions of China Examination of 50 years of the People's Republic of China & prospects for the next half century
Court Life In China Etext version of 1909 book by Isaac Taylor Headland, husband of physician to to the family of the Empress Dowager's mother & other court ladies
Design of the Current Chinese Flag Overview with a translated article about the early history of the flag
Eclectic Bits of Chinese History Links to Phil Abbey's pages on flags of China, Shanghai municipal council, treaty ports & extraterritoriality, & the U.S. navy's gunboats in China, & to external sites
The Eight-power Allied Forces Through Foreigners' Camera From China Internet Information Center: text & photos with captions on the Allied invasion of China in response to the Boxer uprising in 1900 & the Protocol of 1901
Fairbank Chinese History Library Rob Gray's virtual library covering the Qing, the Republic & the PRC: articles, maps, images, sounds
Four Months of War, Shanghai 1937 Exhibition of 102 photographs of Karl Kengelbacher
Edgar Snow Papers Description & inventory of collection at University of Missouri, with biography of Snow
General Introduction to the Establishment of the Legal System An essay on the foundations & changes of the Chinese legal system
New The Hedda Morrison Photographs of China, 1933-1946 Searchable collection of some 5000 photographs at the Harvard-Yenching Library
Institut d'Asie Orientale (Lyon): Online Databases Maps of Shanghai & Kyoto; images of Beijing, Shanghai, & Tianjin
Kunming's Colonial Legacy Photos taken by French consul Auguste François in 1904, with commentary
Ling Lung Women's Magazine 1931 to 1937 Digital version of a Shanghai weekly "encouraging women to advance toward the good life through socially high-minded entertainment"
May Fourth: Some Fin-de-Siècle Reflections Leo Ou-fan Lee's essay in Harvard Asia Quarterly (Summer 1999)
Modern Chinese History: A Basic Bibliography Brent Irvin's list of basic works, organized by era (from the Qing to the People's Republic) & by topic
Old Shanghai Posters (in Japanese & English) A collection of Shanghai posters of the 1920s & 1930s
"One Finger's Worth of Historical Events": New Russian & Chinese Evidence on the Sino-Soviet Alliance & Split, 1948-1959 Cold War International History Project Working Paper #30 by David Wolff
New Peter & Edith Chang Papers Finding aid for the collection of papers of Zhang Xueliang & his wife, held at Columbia University's Rare Book & Manuscript Library
The Political Evolution of China Section of The Eagle & the Dragon exhibition at Hoover Library: from the opening of China in the 19th century to China in the 21st century
Selling China: & Cultural Nationalism An article by Todd Munson in the Journal for MultiMedia History (Vol. 2, 1999)
Shanghai Municipal Police (SMP) Robert Bickers' working database of European & a few Chinese & Japanese members of the SMP, 1854-1943
Sinophilia: Chinese Contemporary History Reports from the PRC; propagandist publications; propagandist art
Tales of Old Shanghai "a hyperlinked collage of words & images": places in old Shanghai; old maps; people; cultures; business; 19th century; 20th century; bibliography; news clippings; law, order, & administration
TIME Asia:The 50 Places That Define Modern China Essays on 50 places where history was made, and province stories with clickable map History & politics of China from a Marxist perspective, including historical audio & video clips & images, classic works by Trotsky & Issacs, & analyses of current political & economic conditions
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The Cultural Revolution
New Chinese Holocaust Memorial (in Chinese & English) List of victims of the Cultural Revolution; memorial essays; locations of deaths; research & commentary
New The Cultural Revolution -- Bibliography Compiled by Marilyn Shea of the University of Maine at Farmington
Picturing Power: Posters of China's Cultural Revolution Exhibition at Indiana University
New Virtual Museum of the Cultural Revolution Documents & sources; research & studies; in search of history; personal narratives; the sent-down generation; echoes from overseas; literary & artistic works; where are they now? (English version)
Visual Art as Cultural Memory in Modern China An online exhibition of Cultural Revolution posters from the collection of the University of Westminster Centre for the Study of Democracy, U.K.
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Political Leaders
Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping An Asiaweek Asian of the Century profile (12/10/99)
Deng Xiaoping & the Fate of the Chinese Revolution An assessment by the editorial board of the World Socialist Web Site (Fourth International)
Deng Xiaoping Pictorial "over 70 pictures ... depicting various moments of Deng's life, his up's & down's on the political stage"
Deng Xiaoping Pictorial A pictorial essay on the public & private life of Deng Xiaoping
Farewell to Deng Xiaoping Biography, timeline, clickable map of Tiananmen Square memorial service, current leaders, China's past, present, & future
The Last Emperor: From Dynasty to Capitalism Time's report on Deng Xiaoping: timeline; reaction to his death; the next China; Deng's thoughts
Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping Writings from 1938 to 1992, edited by People's Daily Online
Mao Zedong
The Chairman Smiles - Chinese Posters Chinese propaganda posters from the collection of the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam
A Conversation With Mao, 1959 Summary by S. Antonov, published in Cold War International History Project Bulletin 3, "From the Russian Archives"
Changes in Mao Zedong's Attitude toward the Indochina War, 1949-1973 Cold War International History Project Working Paper #34 by Yang Kuisong (PDF version)
From Marx to Mao (in English & Spanish) A collection of the "basic texts of Scientific Socialism & the Communist movement," with selected communist party documents & writings, & a reading guide
Mao Tse-tung (Zedong) Internet Library Vols 1-5 of Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung; other works 1958-66; search engine
Mao Zedong (in Chinese) Jun Shan's extensive list of Chinese sources on the life & work of Mao
The Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) Reference Archive Biography; works; photos; links
Mao Zedong Thought (in Chinese) Dedicated to the propagation of Mao's thought: theory; military thinking; photos of Mao; Mao's family; Mao's writings, poetry & calligraphy; discussion forum
The Maoist Documentation Project "an archive of the revolutionary works of Lenin, Mao Tse-tung, and other revolutionary documents from the many Maoist-inspired struggles against revisionism and imperialism," with links to organizations of the international Communist movement
Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung The 2nd edition printed in Beijing in 1967
TIME 100: Leaders & Revolutionaries - Mao Zedong A capsule biography by Jonathan Spence
Sun Yat-sen
The Founding Father of Republic of China An exhibition on the life of Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen - His Hawaii Roots Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Hawaii Foundation's site with materials on his Hawaii connections, research materials, scenes of Hawaii in his era, & contemporaneous events in China & elsewhere
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Historical & Scenic Sites
Alison's Wonderland Tour of the Forbidden City Part of the Discovery Channel School's Cities Through Time Project
Beijing: Glimpses of History Tour of historical sites in & around Beijing
China Exploration & Research Society Monastery Project Overview Images & texts on two restored Tibetan monasteries
New China Photo Gallery A collection from from Jun Shan, China guide for
New China Satellite Imagery Satellite images from 1995
China Virtual Tours Scenic & tourist sites including the Great Wall, the Forbidden City, & Guilin
A Digital Artist: On the Road to China Lyn Bishop's photo journal, gallery of digital paintings, & Quicktime panoramas
Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum Clickable map & images of Sun Yat-sen's mausoleum in Nanjing & surrounding scenic & historic sites, with a brief biography
The Museum of Qin Shihuang Terracotta Warriors & Horses Information on the historical museum housing the spectacular formations of the Qin terracotta army discovered in 1974
Shih Huang Ti Images & Quick Time movies of the tomb of the First Emperor
New Three Months in China Journal entries & photos by Eugene Kuo documenting a trip to various regions of China in spring & summer of 2002
Tibetan Images Photos by Catherine Steinmann in 1997
Tibetan Journey A gallery of photos by Alain Schneuwly
Travel Art Photography Galleries of photos of China, Europe & Russia by Mary & Lawrence Berman
World Cultural Heritage Sites in China Historic & scenic sites designated by UNESCO as World Cultural Heritage Sites
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Additional resources on China may be found on the other China pages on this site (accessible from the dropdown list menu below or from the China main page), and on the pages for East and Southeast Asia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macau.
MailPlease send your comments, suggestions and corrections to Robert Y. Eng. Listing of a Web site does not imply endorsement by the University of Redlands or by the compiler of this directory. New sites are added, and current lists are checked for dead, relocated and stale links on a regular basis.

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Updated: June 30, 2003