Adverbs modify (describe) verbs, adjectives or other adverbs
communicative intent of adverbs
Adverbs answer these questions. Where? When? How? Why? and To what extent?
Manner - Adverbs which answer the question How?
Place - Adverbs which answer the question Where?
Time - Adverbs which answer the question of When?
Number - Adverbs which answer the question of How Often or How Many?
Purpose - Adverbs which answer the question Why?
Since adverbs are used to answer WH questions, it might be assumed that the acquisition order of the communicative intent of manner, place, time, number, and purpose might well follow the same developmental order of question forms. If that is the case, then the resulting developmental order would be:
Place - Answers Where questions
Number - Answers How often or How many
Manner - Answers How question
Purpose - Answers Why question
Time - Answers When question
WEB SITES FOR ADVERBS EXPRESSING MANNER:
http://www.stufun.com/exercise/kind_of_adverbs-manner_1.pdf Ten fill in the blank questions asking the student to fill in an adverb of manner.
WEB SITES FOR ADVERBS EXPRESSING PLACE:
http://www.stufun.com/exercise/kind_of_adverbs-place_2.pdf Five fill in the blank questions asking the student to fill in an adverb of place.
WEB SITES FOR ADVERBS EXPRESSING TIME:
Common adverbs of time are: then, at the same time, today, beforehand, immediately, in the past, soon, already, tomorrow, since then, henceforth, still, yet, finally, afterwards, meanwhile, yesterday, in the (distant) past, ever, a long time, now, in the recent past, sometimes, suddenly, often, this afternoon, late, early, always, and still.
http://www.stufun.com/exercise/kind_of_adverbs-time_1.pdf Ten fill in the blank questions asking the student to fill in an adverb of time.
WEB SITES FOR ADVERBS EXPRESSING NUMBER OR FREQUENCY:
Common adverbs of number or frequency are NEVER, ALMOST NEVER, HARDLY EVER, RARELY, SELDOM, SOMETIMES, OFTEN, USUALLY, ALMOST ALWAYS, and ALWAYS. Notice: these adverbs are ordered from 0% occurrence to 100% occurrence.
http://www.stufun.com/exercise/kind_of_adverbs-number_1.pdf Five fill in the blank questions asking the student to fill in an adverb of number.
http://www.eflnet.com/index.htm At this web site there are 10 sentences which students are asked to rewrite inserting an adverb of frequency. This task could easily be modified into a spoken task. Easy level of difficulty.
http://www.johnsesl.com/adverbws.html Ten fill in the blank sentences. Students must choose the correct adverb of frequency from among: always, sometimes, almost always, often, seldom, almost never, rarely, or never. Easy exercise.
http://www.manythings.org/hmj2/frequency.html This will test your skills. Here is a hangman game where the answers are adverbs of frequency. The first two answers are: seldom and generally. You are on your own from here on ...........
http://www.eflnet.com/grammar/advfreq.htm A sentence is given followed by an adverb of frequency within a set of parentheses. Students are asked to rewrite the sentences with the frequency adverbs given in parentheses. Adverbs tested are: seldom, never, usually, hardly ever, always, often, rarely, every now and then, once a week, and never.
http://www.esl-lounge.com/level1agames.html Here is a frequency adverb tic-tac-toe game. Students have to make up sentences to score a circle or an x. Each square is dedicated to a specific expression of frequency.
WEB SITES FOR ASSESSING THE ORDER OF MULTIPLE ADVERBS IN A SENTENCE
When using multiple adverbs in a sentence the word order is: Manner - Place - Number - Time - Purpose
http://cctc2.commnet.edu/cgi-shl/quiz.pl/adverbs_quiz.htm Nine questions in this multiple choice quiz. Each question asks the students about the correct word order of the adverbs used in the sentences.
http://cctc2.commnet.edu/grammar/quizzes/magnets/adv_magnets.htm This is an activity called Adverbial Magnets. Within each magnetic board you will find two or three (or five) randomly positioned adverbs or adverbial phrases. You will find the subject and verb at the left of each board, where they should probably remain. Click and drag the other words and phrases into the proper position.
WEB SITES FOR ASSESSING COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADVERBS:
In general, with one syllable words add -er to the adverb when comparing two actions and -est when comparing three or more actions. With multi-syllable words, insert the word "more" before the adverb when comparing two actions and the word "most" when comparing three or more actions.
http://www.learningshortcuts.com/s41/18/chapterA1.html Fourth grade level. This site asks students to identify comparative and superlative adverbs in short sentences. Answers and explanations are given.
http://www.learningshortcuts.com/s61/18/chapterA1.html Sixth grade level task. Student can respond to 25 questions. Student must make choice between comparative and superlative adverbs. Answers and explanations are given.
http://www.learningshortcuts.com/s71/21/chapterA1.html Seventh grade level task. Student can respond to 25 questions. Student must make choice between comparative and superlative adverbs. Answers and explanations are given.
WEB SITES GALORE:
The following web sites test a variety of adverb forms in contrast to one another and as contrasted with adjectives.
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/esl/esladjadvEX1.html This is purely an identification task. Students are asked to pick between an adverb or an adjective in order to complete the sentence. There are 16 opportunities to respond.
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/esl/esladjadvEX2.html In this exercise students must cross out the incorrect words and write in the correct form in the blanks. If the sentence is correct as it is, write "correct" in the blank. The students must find incorrect adverbs or adjectives.
http://webster.commnet.edu/cgi-shl/quiz.pl/adverbs_quiz.htm Nine multiple choice questions assessing the word order of sentences containing adverbs.
http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/quizzes/magnets/adv_magnets.htm This site has some magnetic boards. Within each magnetic board you will find two or three (or five) randomly positioned adverbs or adverbial phrases. Click and drag the words and phrases into the proper position. This site is testing word order rules of sentences with adverbs in them.
http://www.colby.edu/~bknelson/exercises/adverbs.html SPANISH What a great web site! Students watch a short movie and then complete statements about the movie. They are asked to provide the correct adverbs to complete the sentences.
http://www.learningshortcuts.com/s31/13/chapterA1.html This is third grade level curriculum. Students are asked to generate the appropriate adverb or adjective to complete the sentence. Explanations of the correct answers are given. Spelling is emphasized.
http://www.learningshortcuts.com/s41/17/chapterA1.html Fourth grade level adverbs. You'll find a set of ten questions. Once you have completed those, there are an additional 15 questions available. Students respond to the questions and the program tells them why their answer was correct or incorrect.
http://www.learningshortcuts.com/s41/18/chapterA1.html Fourth grade level comparative adverbs. You'll find a set of ten questions. Once you have completed those, there are an additional 15 questions available. Students respond to the questions and the program tells them why their answer was correct or incorrect.
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/adverb1.htm This is easy. A graphic and a very short sentence is presented. There are 10 in all. Students are asked to decide if the word in the sentence that is underlined is an adverb or not.
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/adverb2.htm Here is a paragraph about cougars. Students must fill in the gaps in the sentences with the appropriate adjective or adverb from a set that is displayed at the end of the paragraph.
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/200/grammar/adjadv1.htm For the little kiddies. A graphic and a very short sentence is presented. There are 15 in all. Students are asked to decide if an adjective or adverb is appropriate to complete the sentence.
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/advphr1.htm This site requires students to identify the meaning the adverb communicates in the target phrase. Students are given the following multiple choice set for each of the ten questions: A) manner B) place C) time D) frequency E) purpose.
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/advphr2.htm This is a paragraph about jogging. In this gap-fill exercise, choose from the list of adverb phrases in the box at the bottom of the page. Enter one phrase in each gap, according to the grammar and meaning of the text. Five response opportunities.
http://www.eslus.com/LESSONS/GRAMMAR/POS/pos5.htm#Pop%20Quiz%201 Want to take a little pop quiz about adjectives? Several of the questions in this set of ten multiple choice questions ask the student to identify adverbs or characteristics of adverbs.
http://www.manythings.org/hmjs/voa-adjadv.html Here's a game of hangman. All the answers are either adverbs or adjectives. You get a clue and have to guess. There are 168 words, so you can play forever.
http://www.manythings.org/wbg/leisurly-mw.html Here is a game of concentration. Students must match the marked and unmarked versions of the pair of words. All correct responses are 'ly' marked adverbs.
http://www.aitech.ac.jp/~iteslj/v/s/ab-adverbs.html SPANISH - Here are 41 adverbs presented in English. Students are asked to choose the correct Spanish adverb to match the English target word. Five alternatives are presented for each word.
http://www.aitech.ac.jp/~iteslj/v/s/idp-adverbs.html SPANISH - This site is huge. It contains 135 adverbs. Adverbs are presented in English and students are asked to choose from five alternatives to find the correct Spanish match. These words were not selected by a teacher as being words useful to learn. These are all the words contained in the dictionary. Perhaps these quizzes are only useful for very advanced students.
http://itc.sulross.edu/raustin/adverb.htm Here are the directions for this exercise. Underline all the adverbs in the following paragraphs. Remember, adverbs answer the following questions: How? Where? When? Why? or How much? Print this page out and have your students take it home for practice.
http://www.learningshortcuts.com/s41/17/chapterA1.html Fourth grade level. 25 questions in all. Students are asked to identify the adverb in a short sentence. A variety of meanings (time, place, frequency, location) are assessed in the sentences.
http://www.learningshortcuts.com/s51/06/chapterA1.html Fifth grade level. A variety of adverb types (Irregular, Negative, Comparative) are contrasted in the 25 question quiz. Answers and explanations are given.
http://www.learningshortcuts.com/s61/17/chapterA1.html Sixth grade level task. 25 questions in all. Students are asked to identify the adverb in a short sentence. A variety of meanings (time, place, frequency, location) are assessed in the sentences.
http://www.learningshortcuts.com/s71/19/chapterA1.html Here is a seventh grade level task. Students are asked to choose between an adjective or an adverb in the test sentences. Remind students: An adjective is a word that describes a noun or a pronoun. An adverb describes an action verb, another adverb, or an adjective
.http://www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/adverbs/ex1.htm The student's decision at this web site is: in each of the following pairs, indicate whether the highlighted word is an adverb or an adjective. There are five pairs in this exercise. Click on more on adverbs at the end of this quiz and a new one will pop up. Only five questions here. Students must indicate whether the highlighted word is an adverb of manner, time, or place. This really tests the student's knowledge as to what the adverb is communicating. The adverbs used in this exercise are: silently, today, enigmatically, here, and never.
http://webhome.idirect.com/~cclcs/adverbs.html Here are ten fill in the blank sentences. Students are given the choice of which adverb to use to complete the sentences. Should they use: carefully, early, hard, late, impolitely, neatly, passionately, sloppily, softly, and/or slowly?